Roman Catholic Lutheran Agreement Justification

Posted by admin @ 5:42 pm on April 11, 2021

The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification (JDDJ) was a historic agreement signed in 1999 by Lutherans and Catholics, effectively resolving one of the main theological conflicts of the Reformation. Originally a Catholic-Lutheran agreement, it was now accompanied and confirmed by three other world Christian communions, namely the Methodist, Anglican and Reformed Church. “Although Luther speaks in some places of an inner change of man, he describes this process of justification more often than any real change in human nature. The sinful nature remains, but now covered by the righteousness that Christ has won and proclaimed by Scripture. Over time, the terms of mediform or foreign justification are used to describe this state. Thus Luther can describe man as “justified and at the same time a sinner.” Once this fundamental condition is established, one could speak of the process of personal sanctification and sacramental life. Contrary to the more abstract argument of scholastic theology, this approach is more existential and consistent with Luther`s personal experience of God`s action in his life. It is also the basis of Luther`s criticism of the Catholic Church. [6] The Cathedral Foundation L`Osservatore Romano English Edition 320 Cathedral St. Baltimore, MD 21201 Subscriptions: (410) 547-5315 Fax: (410) 332-1069 lormail@catholicreview.org centuries, the positions of Lutherans and Catholics were considered incompatible on this point.

On the one hand, the Catholic affirmation of human collaboration with grace was seen by Lutherans as a decrease in the value of Christ`s action or as an attempt to establish “their own justice.” On the Catholic side, Luther`s positions were seen as a justification for man and did not touch his deepest being. Third, justification indicates the heart of the Gospel message, but must be seen in an organic unity with all the other truths of faith, the Trinity, Christology, ecclesiology and the sacraments. “It is fundamentally linked to all the truths of faith that must be considered as inner bonds. It is an indispensable criterion that is constantly used to direct all the doctrines and practices of our Churches towards Christ. “Lutherans can no longer assume that the reformers of the 16th century were right and that the Church of Rome was wrong. Roman Catholicism never challenged the justification by grace. He simply focused more on the struggle of the transformed sinner than on the exclusive divine origin of his transformation.