Berlin Plus Agreement 2003

Posted by admin @ 6:48 am on April 8, 2021

This comprehensive framework for NATO-EU relations was concluded on 17 March 2003 by the exchange of letters between High Representative Javier Solana and then NATO Secretary General Lord Robertson. [3] Since the Berlin Plus agreement in 2003, circumstances have changed dramatically. But the echoes of the old debates have recently wieder-showing that the friction which Berlin Plus responded yet exists. The US calls for increased EU defence spending are more ambitious, but their response to proposals for EU military effectiveness and autonomy reflects the suspicions of the past. The EU has taken the opportunity to become a serious player in defence and security, but its ambitions remain, as always, limited by the lack of significant EU capabilities, which will soon be strengthened by Brexit. But there`s something missing. The most practical and long-term framework for cooperation between the EU and NATO, called Berlin Plus, seems to have been neglected. Under Berlin Plus, agreed in 2003, the EU can ask NATO to make its capabilites and capabilities available to the EU for an EU-led and led operation. Since the latest public documents from NATO or the EU make no reference to Berlin Plus, this form of cooperation seems to have been sidelined in favour of apparently more current issues. As a result, the list of NATO and EU activities does not address the challenge of NATO and EU military cooperation in a future crisis that concerned both interests.

The agreements were convened after a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Berlin in 1996, when they declared their readiness to “facilitate the use of separable but unrepargated military capabilities in Western European Union operations”. At its 1999 summit in Washington, which was based on the Berlin decision, NATO acknowledged “the determination of the European Union to have an autonomous capacity for action” and effectively extended the agreements to the EU. Hence the “plus.” On behalf of the EU, Mr Solana wrote to NATO Secretary General George Robertson on 17 March 2003, confirming that the work between the two organisations on Berlin Plus had been completed. The Berlin Plus Agreement consists of seven main parties:[1][3] The Berlin Plus Agreement is the succinct title of a comprehensive set of agreements between NATO and the EU from 16 December 2002. [1] These agreements were based on the conclusions of the 1999 NATO Summit in Washington, sometimes referred to as the CJTF mechanism[2] and allowed the EU to use some of NATO`s military assets in its own peacekeeping operations. Based on consultations with officials, a new ELN report assesses the progress made since the 2016 EU-NATO Joint Declaration. Two key areas need to be identified as case studies: exercise and capacity building, which identify opportunities for further cooperation between the EU and NATO. To date, the EU, with NATO`s support, has conducted two operations: NATO and the EU have shown a great demonstration in recent years of their nascent cooperation.